Kemenag: Panduan Ibadah Ramadan Tak Berlaku di Zona Oranye dan Merah

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Jakarta-wartategas.com Kementerian Agama (Kemenag) telah menerbitkan Surat Edaran (SE) tentang Panduan Ibadah Ramadan dan Idul Fitri 1442 H/2021 M. SE tersebut antara lain mengatur tentang diizinkannya kegiatan buka puasa bersama, salat berjemaah (lima waktu, tarawih, dan witir), tadarus Al-Qur’an, serta iktikaf, dengan jumlah kehadiran maksimal 50% dari kapasitas masjid atau musala.

Surat edaran juga mengatur bahwa kegiatan harus menerapkan protokol kesehatan secara ketat, menjaga jarak antar jemaah minimal 1 meter, dan membawa sajadah atau mukena masing-masing. Namun, ketentuan dalam surat edaran ini tidak berlaku untuk daerah yang masuk zona merah dan oranye.

“Menteri Agama sudah menerbitkan edaran panduan ibadah Ramadan dan Idul Fitri 1442 H. Namun, edaran itu tidak berlaku untuk daerah yang masuk zona merah dan oranye berdasarkan ketetapan Satgas Covid setempat,” tegas Dirjen Bimas Islam Kemenag Kamaruddin Amin di Jakarta, Jumat (9/4/2021).

Gugus Tugas Nasional Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19 telah menetapkan beberapa kriteria wilayah berdasarkan risiko penyebaran virus. Ada empat kriteria wilayah, yaitu zona hijau (tidak terdampak), zona kuning (risiko rendah), zona oranye (risiko sedang), dan zona merah (risiko tinggi).

“Edaran panduan ibadah Ramadan dan Idul Fitri bisa diberlakukan pada wilayah yang masuk zona hijau dan kuning,” jelas Kamaruddin.

Dia mengatakan, surat edaran ini bertujuan untuk memberikan panduan beribadah yang sejalan dengan protokol kesehatan, sekaligus untuk mencegah, mengurangi penyebaran dan melindungi masyarakat dari risiko Covid 19.

Secara rinci, berikut ketentuan Surat Edaran Menag terkait panduan ibadah Ramadan dan Idul Fitri 1442 H.

  1. Umat Islam, kecuali bagi yang sakit atau atas alasan syari lainnya yang dapat dibenarkan, wajib menjalankan ibadah puasa Ramadan sesuai hukum syariah dan tata cara ibadah yang ditentukan agama;
  2. Sahur dan buka puasa dianjurkan dilakukan di rumah masing-masing bersama keluarga inti;
  3. Dalam hal kegiatan buka puasa bersama tetap dilaksanakan, harus mematuhi pembatasan jumlah kehadiran paling banyak 50% dari kapasitas ruangan dan menghindari kerumunan;
  4. Pengurus masjid atau musala dapat menyelenggarakan kegiatan ibadah antara lain:

a. Salat fardu lima waktu, salat tarawih dan witir, tadarus Al-Quran, dan iktikaf dengan pembatasan jumlah kehadiran paling banyak 50% dari kapasitas masjid atau musala dengan menerapkan protokol kesehatan secara ketat, menjaga jarak aman 1 meter antarjemaah, dan setiap jemaah membawa sajadah serta mukena masing-masing;

b. Pengajian/Ceramah/Taushiyah/Kultum Ramadan dan Kuliah Subuh paling lama dengan durasi waktu 15 (lima belas) menit;

c. Peringatan Nuzulul Quran di masjid/musala dilaksanakan dengan pembatasan jumlah audiens paling banyak 50% dari kapasitas ruangan dengan penerapan protokol kesehatan secara ketat;

  1. Pengurus dan pengelola masjid/musala sebagaimana angka 4 (empat) wajib menujuk petugas yang memastikan penerapan protokol kesehatan dan mengumumkan kepada seluruh jemaah, seperti melakukan disenfektan secara teratur, menyediakan sarana cuci tangan di pintu masuk masjid/mushala, menggunakan masker, menjaga jarak aman, dan setiap jamaah membawa sajadah/mukena masing-masing.
  2. Kegiatan ibadah Ramadan di masjid/musala, seperti salat tarawih dan witir, tadarus Al-Quran, iktikaf dan Peringatan Nuzulul Quran tidak boleh dilaksanakan di daerah yang termasuk kategori zona merah (risiko tinggi) dan zona oranye (risiko sedang) penyebaran Covid-19 berdasarkan penetapan pemerintah daerah setempat.
  3. Peringatan Nuzulul Quran yang diadakan di dalam maupun di luar gedung, di daerah yang masuk ketegori risiko rendah (zona kuning) dan aman dari penyebaran Covid-19 (zona hijau), wajib memperhatikan protokol kesehatan secara ketat dan jumlah audiens paling banyak 50% dari kapasitas tempat/lapangan.
  4. Vaksinasi Covid-19 dapat dilakukan di bulan Ramadan berpedoman pada fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) Nomor 13 Tahun 2021 tentang Hukum Vaksinasi Covid-19 Saat Berpuasa, dan hasil ketetapan fatwa ormas Islam lainnya.
  5. Kegiatan pengumpulan dan penyaluran zakat, infak, dan shadaqah (ZIS) serta zakat fitrah oleh Badan Amil Zakat Nasional (Baznas) dan Lembaga Amil Zakat (LAZ) dilakukan dengan memperhatikan protokol kesehatan dan menghindari kerumunan massa.
  6. Dalam penyelenggaraan ibadah dan dakwah di bulan Ramadan, segenap umat Islam dan para mubaligh/penceramah agama agar menjaga ukhuwwah islamiyah, ukhuwwah wathaniyah, dan ukhuwwah bashariyah serta tidak mempertentangkan masalah khilafiyah yang dapat mengganggu persatuan umat.
  7. Para mubaligh/penceramah agama diharapkan berperan memperkuat nilai-nilai keimanan, ketakwaan, akhlaqul karimah, kemaslahatan umat, dan nilai-nilai kebangsaan dalam Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia melalui bahasa dakwah yang tepat dan bijak sesuai tuntunan Al-Quran dan As-Sunnah.
  8. Salat Idul Fitri 1 Syawal 1442 H/2021 M dapat dilaksanakan di masjid atau di lapangan terbuka dengan memperhatikan protokol kesehatan secara ketat, kecuali jika perkembangan Covid-19 semakin negatif (mengalami peningkatan) berdasarkan pengumuman Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19 untuk seluruh wilayah negeri atau pemerintah daerah di daerahnya masing-masing(R.septyandaru.red)

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