Pengusaha yang tak mampu membayar THR minta diberi ruang negosiasi

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Jakarta-wartategas.com – Wakil Ketua Umum Asosiasi Pengusaha Indonesia (Apindo), Shinta Widjaja Kamdani, mendukung skema pembayaran Tunjangan Hari Raya (THR) Keagamaan 2021 yang dilakukan secara penuh dan tepat waktu.

Pemberian THR Keagamaan merupakan pendapatan non-upah yang wajib dibayarkan pengusaha kepada pekerja/buruh paling lama H-7 sebelum Hari Raya Idul Fitri 1442 Hijriah tiba.

Menurut Shinta, itu merupakan keputusan tepat yang bisa disepakati oleh tiga pihak, baik dari sisi pengusaha, pekerja/buruh maupun pemerintah.

“Sesuai kesepakatan tripartit sudah tepat. Perusahaan diharapkan untuk memenuhi kewajiban dalam membayar THR tepat waktu secara penuh sesuai peraturan yang berlaku,” kata Shinta kepada wartategas.com, Senin (12/4/2021).

Kendati begitu, ia meminta agar pihak pengusaha diberi kelonggaran agar bisa membuat perundingan dengan pekerjanya jika belum bisa melunasi THR secara penuh. Sebab tidak semua perusahaan kini telah pulih dari pandemi Covid-19 berkepanjangan.

“Namun kalau ada perusahaan yang tidak memiliki kemampuan untuk memenuhi kewajibannya dapat melakukan kesepakatan secara bipartit dengan pekerjanya masing masing,” imbuh Shinta.

Menteri Ketenagakerjaan, Ida Fauziyah, menerbitkan Surat Edaran (SE) Nomor M/6/HK.04/IV/2021 tentang Pelaksanaan Pemberian Tunjangan Hari Raya Keagamaan Tahun 2021 bagi Pekerja/Buruh di Perusahaan. SE Pelaksanaan THR ini ditujukan kepada para Gubernur di seluruh Indonesia.

“Pemberian THR Keagamaan merupakan kewajiban yang harus dilaksanakan oleh pengusaha kepada pekerja/buruh. Pemberian THR Keagamaan bagi pekerja/buruh merupakan upaya untuk memenuhi kebutuhan pekerja/buruh dan keluarganya dalam merayakan hari raya keagamaan. Secara khusus, dalam masa pemulihan ekonomi ini, THR tentu dapat menstimulus konsumsi masyarkat yang mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi,” kata Menaker Ida di Jakarta, pada Virtual Konferensi Pers tentang THR Tahun 2021 di Jakarta, Senin (12/4/2021).

Dalam surat edaran tersebut, Menaker Ida menyatakan bahwa SE pelaksanaan THR berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 36 Tahun 2021 tentang Pengupahan dan Peraturan Menteri Ketenagakerjaan Nomor 6 Tahun 2016 tentang Tunjangan Hari Raya Keagamaan bagi Pekerja/Buruh di Perusahaan. Menaker Ida meminta perusahaan agar waktu pembayaran THR Keagamaan dilakukan paling lama 7 hari sebelum hari raya keagamaan.

“Saya tekankan bahwa THR Keagamaan wajib dibayarkan paling lama 7 hari sebelum hari raya keagamaan pekerja/buruh yang bersangkutan,” jelas Menaker Ida.

Adapun dalam pelaksanannya, pembayaran THR Keagamaan diberikan kepada pekerja/buruh yang telah mempunyai masa kerja 1 bulan secara terus menerus atau lebih. THR Keagamaan juga diberikan kepada pekerja/buruh yang mempunyai hubungan kerja dengan pengusaha berdasarkan perjanjian kerja waktu tidak tertentu atau perjanjian kerja waktu tertentu.

Terkait jumlah besaran, bagi pekerja/buruh yang mempunyai masa kerja 12 bulan secara terus menerus atau lebih, THR diberikan dengan ketentuan sebesar 1 bulan upah. Sementara bagi pekerja/buruh yang telah mempunyai masa kerja 1 bulan secara terus menerus, tetapi kurang dari 12 bulan, THR diberikan secara proporsional sesuai dengan perhitungan masa kerja dibagi 12 bulan kemudian dikali 1 bulan upah.

Adapun bagi pekerja/buruh yang bekerja berdasarkan perjanjian kerja harian yang telah mempunyai masa kerja 12 bulan atau lebih, upah 1 bulan dihitung berdasarkan rata-rata upah yang diterima selama 12 bulan terakhir sebelum hari raya keagamaan.

Sedangkan bagi pekerja/buruh yang telah mempunyai masa kerja kurang dari 12 bulan, upah 1 bulan dihitung berdasarkan rata-rata upah yang diterima tiap bulan selama masa kerja.

Selanjutnya, dalam SE juga dijelaskan bagi perusahaan yang masih terdampak pandemi Covid-19 dan berakibat tidak mampu memberikan THR Keagamaan tahun 2021 sesuai waktu yang ditentukan dalam peraturan perundang-undangan, Menaker Ida meminta Gubernur dan Bupati/Wali kota agar memberikan solusi dengan mewajibkan pengusaha melakukan dialog dengan pekerja/buruh untuk mencapai kesepakatan yang dilaksanakan secara kekeluargaan dan dengan itikad baik.

“Kesepakatan tersebut dibuat secara tertulis dan memuat waktu pembayaran THR Keagamaan dengan syarat paling lambat dibayar sampai sebelum Hari Raya Keagamaan tahun 2021 pekerja/buruh yang bersangkutan,” kata Menaker Ida.

Menaker Ida mengatakan, kesepakatan mengenai waktu pembayaran THR keagamaan tersebut harus dipastikan tidak sampai menghilangkan kewajiban pengusaha untuk membayar THR keagamaan tahun 2021 kepada pekerja/buruh dengan besaran sesuai ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan.

“Perusahaan yang melakukan kesepakatan dengan pekerja atau buruh agar melaporkan hasil kesepakatan kepada dinas yang menyelenggarakan urusan pemerintahan di bidang Ketenagakerjaan setempat,” katanya.

Menaker Ida juga meminta kepada perusahaan agar dapat membuktikan ketidakmampuan untuk membayar THR Keagamaan tahun 2021 sesuai waktu yang ditentukan berdasarkan laporan keuangan internal perusahaan secara transparan.

Sementara itu, dalam rangka mengantisipasi timbulnya keluhan dalam pelaksanaan pembayaran THR Keagamaan tahun 2021 dan pelaksanaan koordinasi yang efektif antara pemerintah pusat dan daerah, Menaker Ida meminta Gubernur beserra Bupati/Wali kota untuk menegakkan hukum sesuai kewenangannya terhadap pelanggaran pemberian THR Keagamaan tahun 2021 dengan memperhatikan rekomendasi dari hasil pemeriksaan pengawas ketenagakerjaan.

Ia juga meminta Gubernur dan Bupati/Wali kota untuk membentuk Pos Komando Pelaksanaan Tunjangan Hari Raya Keagamaan Tahun 2021 (Posko THR) dengan tetap memperhatikan prosedur/protokol kesehatan pencegahan penularan Covid-19.

“Kami juga meminta Gubernur dan Bupati/Wali kota agar melaporkan data pelaksanaan THR Keagamaan tahun 2021 di perusahaan dan tindak lanjut yang telah dilakukan kepada Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan,” ucapnya.

(R.SeptyanDaru, Red)

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